Vinegar manufacturers fined for cartel agreement
21 August 2015 • Author(s): Victoria White
The Netherlands Authority for Consumers and Markets (ACM) has imposed fines on two manufacturers of natural vinegar for having made cartel arrangements.
The manufacturers fined are Kühne and Burg. Burg is imposed a fine of EUR 1.8 million. Kühne escapes a fine of EUR 4.6 million because it had notified ACM of these arrangements and it closely cooperated with the investigation. The fines have been lowered by 10% because both Kühne and Burg have acknowledged the violation. The violation lasted from 2001 through 2012.
Natural vinegar, also known as white or distilled vinegar, is a product that manufacturers use in various consumer products such as sauces, salads, and pickles. Kühne and Burg made arrangements about the offers they gave to multiple clients that produce these types of food products. They also exchanged price and production information.
Chris Fonteijn, Chairman of the Board of ACM, commented, “As these two manufacturers of natural vinegar had made cartel arrangements about the offers they gave to several clients, they were not competing with one another. This is a very serious cartel. And that is why we have imposed heavy fines.”
Two individuals at Burg fined for involvement in vinegar cartel
In this case, ACM has also imposed fines on individuals employed with Burg who were involved in the cartel arrangements. These individuals oversaw the implementation of the arrangements. They worked in various positions at different levels within the organisation. The two employees of Burg have been imposed fines of EUR 16,000 and EUR 54,000. In the case of Kühne, three individuals exercised leadership over the cartel arrangements. These three individuals have escaped fines varying between EUR 22,500 and EUR 135,000.
ABF Ingredients ANDEROL EUROPE BV Avantes Berndorf Band GmbH BIOTECON Diagnostics GmbH Cargo Oil AB Elea GmbH Engilico FUCHS LUBRITECH GmbH GLOBALG.A.P. Foodplus GmbH InS Services (UK) Ltd IONICON Analytik GmbH JAX INC. JBT Corporation LUBRIPLATE Lubricants Company NSF International Ocean Optics PCE Instruments UK Ltd R-Biopharm Rhone Ltd Randox Food Diagnostics Stancold SteriBeam The Tintometer® Group TOMRA Sorting Food Uhde High Pressure Technologies GmbH Verner Wheelock Vikan UK Ltd