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Mycotoxins

 

Recent developments in mycotoxin analysis

28 October 2015 | By Michelangelo Pascale, Senior Researcher at the Institute of Sciences of Food Production (ISPA), National Research Council of Italy (CNR)

Mycotoxins are natural contaminants of several agricultural products and derivatives produced as secondary metabolites by several filamentous fungal species. Their presence in food and feed can cause serious risks to human and animal health due to adverse toxic effects; therefore maximum permitted levels have been fixed for the major occurring…

Fusarium mycotoxin contamination in the human food chain

1 September 2015 | By Dr Silvia W. Gratz, Research Fellow at the Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of Aberdeen / Dr Neil Havis, Researcher in Crop and Soil Systems Group / Dr Fiona Burnett, Head of the Crop and Soil Systems Group, Scotlands Rural College

Mycotoxin contamination poses an intractable problem in agricultural production. WHO estimates that over 25% of global food crops are significantly contaminated with mycotoxins causing annual losses of around 1 billion metric tons of food. Mycotoxins are formed during cereal growth or in post-harvest storage; so this problem may increase as…

Live monitoring of mycotoxin risk in wheat crops during flowering

30 June 2015 | By Sarah Wynn and Rebecca Carter, ADAS UK Ltd

Mycotoxins are a human health risk even at low concentrations, but cereals which can contain mycotoxins are a major dietary source, particularly wheat and maize. In this article, we describe monitoring methods that can be practically used in crop production to minimise the risk of contaminated grain reaching the food…

Enzymatic detoxification of mycotoxins for healthy food

23 June 2014 | By Petr Karlovsky, Head of the Molecular Phytopathology and Mycotoxin Research Unit, University of Göttingen

Mycotoxins are poisonous fungal metabolites that occur in food commodities colonised with filamentous fungi and in food products contaminated during processing and storage. Intake of mycotoxins with food poses a health risk to the consumer and legal limits for maximum levels of major mycotoxins in food have therefore been established…

Determination of mycotoxins

4 November 2013 | By Rudolf Krska and Rainer Schuhmacher, Center for Analytical Chemistry, Department for Agrobiotechnology (IFA-Tulln), University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU)

As a result of the global marketplace, the safety of food and feed has become of increasing concern for consumers, governments and producers. Several highly publicised worldwide incidents related to chemical contaminants such as mycotoxins in food and feed have also attracted much media attention. Mycotoxins are toxic natural secondary…