GMO - Articles and news items
Industry news • 20 May 2016 • Katie Sadler
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announces acceptance of Renaissance BioScience’s GRAS notification for Non-GMO Acrylamide-Reducing Yeast.
Industry news • 13 May 2016 • Victoria White, Digital Content Producer
Arla says that retailers are increasingly demanding dairy products from cows which have been fed GM free feed and are willing to pay a price premium…
Industry news • 8 January 2016 • Victoria White
Campbell Soup Company has announced its support for the enactment of US federal legislation to establish a single mandatory labelling standard for foods derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs)…
Preparing for the safety issues surrounding genetically modified animals that are to be used for producing foods
Issue 4 2010 • 26 August 2010 • Gijs A. Kleter, RIKILT – Institute of Food Safety, Wageningen University and Research Centre
Genetically modified (GM) crops that are used for producing human food and animal feed are grown on a continuously increasing scale around the globe. Their worldwide acreage reached 134 million hectares in 2009, most of which was located in North and South America, China, India and South Africa, and growth is likely to continue1. Before these crops are allowed onto the market, they have to receive regulatory approval from the national authorities in many countries. Part of the procedure for obtaining approval usually is an assessment of the safety of the pertinent GM crops.
According to the regulations, the same applies to other GM organisms, such as micro-organisms and animals. Whereas food-producing GM animals have not reached the market yet, there are indications that, in nations outside the EU, this may become a reality in the near future. It is therefore important that the regulatory authorities prepare themselves for reviewing the safety of these GM animals. Below, the potential issues with regard to the food safety of GM animals are reviewed.
Issue 2 2008, Past issues • 13 June 2008 • Maddalena Querci, Hermann Broll and Guy Van den Eede, European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Biotechnology and GMOs Unit
GMO detection and analysis in its broader sense is an integral part of GMO development, breeding programmes and of subsequent seed verification programmes. It is applied in both the export and import of grain/agricultural products, for regulatory compliance of approved and unapproved events in different countries, for labelling requirements, quality assurance and for product authenticity and traceability.
Issue 3 2006, Past issues • 11 August 2006 • Katervina Demnerová and Kamila Zdenvková, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology Prague and Jaroslava Ovesná, 2Reference Laboratory for the Identification of Genes in Genetically Modified Organisms, Research Institute of Crop Production, Prague-Ruzynev
Genetically modified organisms (GMO) are the products of modern biotechnologies. The name GMO was first used years ago to describe micro-organisms that had genes from other species transferred into their genetic material by the transformation. Applied to crops, the term refers to any genetic plant type that has had one or more genes from a different species transferred into its genetic material using accepted techniques of genetic engineering and where such introduced genes have been shown to produce a gene product (a protein).
Global GMO production
GMOs appeared on the market for the first time in the USA in 1994. According to the latest statistics, the global area with commercially grown transgenic plants is 81.0 million ha by 8.25 million farmers from 17 countries on 6 continents (Clive, 2005). The global market value of GM crops is estimated at 4.70 billion USD, which represents 16% of the global seed market. The main GM crops grown worldwide are soybean, maize, oilseed rape and cotton (Table I), while more than 45 other crops were approved as safe for human health and the environment. The most important countries in commercial growth of GM crops are USA (59% from all cultivated area), followed by Argentina (20%), Canada (6%), Brazil (6%), China (5%), Paraguay (2%), India (1%), South Africa (1%), then Uruguay, Australia, Romania, Mexico, Spain and the Philippines (less than 1%, but with areas greater than 50,000 ha). A new generation of GM crops, related to the production of medicines, developed on the basis of gene transfer into plant or animal species, increasingly comes into consideration.
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